Category Archives: Foot Health

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How to Tell if Your Toe is Fractured (And What to Do About It)

Is My Toe Broken?

Stubbing your toe on a piece of furniture is exquisitely painful, but the pain quickly dissipates. But what do you do when you injure a toe and the pain doesn’t disappear? What are the signs of a fracture of the bones in the toe, and what should you do if you suspect there is a break? What can you expect in terms of recovery and healing time?

How to Tell

If you suspect that you have broken one or more bones in a toe, you will clearly remember the incident happening. Most toe fractures occur after kicking something, or dropping a heavy object on the toe. Broken toes are painful, and there will likely be bruising, swelling, and redness around the area. In some extreme cases, the bone may be visible or protrude through the skin. If you can see the bone, or feel any “chips,” you need to see a medical professional as soon as possible. 

Due to the pain associated with a fracture of the bone of the toe, walking may be painful, and wearing a shoe may be impossible. You may also see a collection of blood under the nail of the affected toe.

What to Do

You’ve seen a doctor or otherwise determined that you do have a broken toe. Now what? The usual treatment involves:

Taping the affected toe to the one beside it

Keeping the foot elevated

Icing the toe to reduce pain and swelling

Resting and protecting the entire foot

The entire healing process usually takes four to six weeks.


Most toe fractures heal without any issues. However, with any potential fracture, it’s always best to err on the side of caution and see a doctor, particularly if:

Pain increases over time

Pain can’t be controlled with over the counter painkillers

Swelling increases after the first 36 hours

You have an open wound which may be infected

Some more complex fractures do require reduction (moving the broken bone back into the correct position for healing). Other situations which may arise as a result of a toe fracture include infection or osteoarthritis, but these are relatively rare.

Without toes, we would be unable to walk upright. Therefore, if you experience an injury to your toe, follow these guidelines to make sure you treat the injury appropriately.  Request an appointment today to make sure your broken toe is healing correctly.

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Common Basketball Foot and Ankle Injuries

What is the number one purchase most basketball players think about? Kicks. Jordans. Laces. Straps. Sneakers. Trainers. We think about how great our shoes look, how high they’ll help us jump, and how fast they’ll help us run. But how often do we stop and think about whether they will protect us from foot and ankle injuries on the court?


Even if an injury is not your first concern when you pick out new footwear for basketball, protection and safety should be a major consideration. Both chronic (long-term) and acute (traumatic) injuries to the foot and ankle are extremely common among basketball players of all ages, making up nearly 40% of all basketball-related injuries.  All that jumping, running, twisting, and stopping mean one thing to your joints–stress and trauma. These two categories of injuries have their own range of diagnoses and treatment options.


Chronic stress in the foot and ankle can lead to:17701478_l


  • Heel pain (plantar fasciitis)
  • Achilles tendonitis
  • Ankle instability
  • Sesamoiditis
  • Stress fractures
  • Posterior tibial tendonitis (or PTTD)
  • Calcaneal apophysitis


Most stress-related injuries can heal completely if treated correctly, with a combination of rest, physiotherapy, EPAT and other complementary modalities.


Traumatic injuries happen more suddenly and immediately, and can include fractures of the ankle, the talus (bone between the heel bone and the two bones of the lower leg), the heel, the midfoot (also known as the Lisfranc), the toes, and the forefoot. These can occur as a result of another player stepping on your foot or otherwise interfering with your forward motion, from landing wrong after a jump, or simply from losing your footing and stepping incorrectly.


Buying different shoes certainly isn’t the only way to prevent such injuries. Most foot and ankle injuries are indeed accidental. However, with proper training, equipment, and stretching, as well as playing in well-maintained facilities, the danger can be minimized. Request an appointment today to if you have experienced a basketball related injury or would like to learn more about preventing a sports injury this season.


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Foot Health For Former Dancers

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There are few sports that place more of a demand on the foot and ankle of the athlete than dancing. Ballet dancers are universally known to have regular foot injuries. New Jersey foot and ankle specialists report that a large percentage of patients with acute or chronic foot and ankle injuries are professional or competitive dancers.


The key to a successful dancing career? Caring for your feet. This involves warming up properly, icing your feet and ankles after a particularly grueling day of practice or performance, and recognizing the signs of common foot conditions and injuries as soon as they arise. The faster you request an appointment with a foot and ankle specialist, the less likely the injury is to derail your next performance. So what is the first step? Knowing what to look for.


17658316_lCommon Foot Injuries In Dancers:

  • Dancer’s Fracture: This common name for a fifth metatarsal fracture is one of the leading causes of visits to an orthopedic specialist. A Dancer’s Fracture results from a wrong landing on the foot, resulting in a fracture in the bone. Pain and swelling are usually the most noticeable symptoms.
  • Lateral Ankle Sprain: Another possible result of twisting your ankle during an awkward landing, swelling, discoloration and pain are the most common symptoms.
  • Bunions: while not a direct result of dancing, tight fitting ballet shoes can trigger these formations on the foot. Generally, the dancer can see these formations on her foot and will feel pain in the area affected.
  • Ankle Impingement Syndrome: A result of repeated stress injuries, this is the term for bones that impinge on one another and pinch the soft tissue when the dancer points his or her ankle. Dancers will often feel a sharp pain when pointing the foot.
  • Achilles Tendonitis: The result of repeated stress injuries to the foot, this is the term for chronic damage to the ankle tendons. Pain and swelling are the most common symptoms.


Calling an orthopedic specialist at the first sign of pain or swelling can mean the difference between competing in your next show or sitting it out because of an acute ankle injury. Call NJ Foot and Ankle today for a consultation with our team of experts.

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Professional Care For Faster Healing With Less Scarring

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As children, our wounds would heal almost regardless of what we did. Yet, somehow, as we age and suffer some of the accompanying illnesses, our skin’s ability to heal from lacerations decreases and many of us find ourselves with a wound that simply will not heal. If you are suffering from a foot or ankle laceration that is abnormally slow to heal, an experienced foot and ankle specialist can provide treatment options that increase healing time, prevent further injury or infection, and reduce scarring.46288980_l (2)


Wound healing revolves around two factors — adequate blood flow to the laceration and prevention of infections. Wounds that aren’t healing properly are generally suffering from inadequate blood flow or have become infected. While there are a number of techniques that can be employed at home to help increase blood flow, an infection in a laceration requires a foot and ankle specialist.


How A Professional Foot and Ankle Specialist Can Help

  • Assessing the wound AND the surrounding tissues, muscles, and tendons thoroughly. Diagnosing the wound without a thorough examination of the surrounding tissue and tendon health can lead to chronic injuries and a potential need for surgical repair in the future.
  • Reviewing the patient’s full medical history to ensure there are no conditions that leave the wound at risk for infection or scarring. This history is also critical when it comes to deciding upon anesthetic options during treatment and determining whether any vaccinations are required.
  • Suturing options will be reviewed. For most lacerations, suturing is the most effective method of treatment. Suture options can include stitches, staples, skin closure tapes, and tissue adhesives.
  • Administering follow-up instructions and care. A foot and ankle specialist will advise on the appropriate follow-up care for patients while scheduling an appointment to monitor the wound’s healing.


Seeking out an experienced foot and ankle specialist to treat your foot laceration can mean the difference between an infection that could ravage your entire foot and a safe, timely, and visually appealing healing process. If you are suffering from a slow-healing wound, visit the NJ Foot and Ankle specialists’ website today to request an appointment.



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Maintaining Foot Health In The Winter

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Winter can wreak havoc on our overall health. From colds and flus to increases in Athlete’s Foot flare ups and sores in diabetics, the colder and wetter weather brings a host of medical problems with it. All too often, we bundle ourselves up to protect against the colder air, spend hours in waiting rooms for flu shots, and completely overlook our foot care. The results can range from sores and infections to fungus and Athlete’s Foot. How can you protect your feet this winter?


Five Tips For Foot Health In The Winter33000132_l (1)

  1. Clean and Dry Feet: Good hygiene breeds good health. The better your foot hygiene is, the healthier your feet will stay. One of the easiest ways to keep your feet healthy all winter is to ensure they stay clean and dry. This means spending extra time before and after leaving the house cleaning your feet, checking for any sores, and drying them completely before covering in socks. This also means not skimping on waterproof boots. Sores and infections thrive in moist places. Investing in a reputable brand of waterproof boots that fit correctly is the simplest way to protect your foot health.
  2. Regular Inspection: Designate one night a week to a foot inspection. After this bath or shower, dry your feet off thoroughly while examining the skin and toenails for any signs of scales, peeling, or sores. Peeling between the toes can indicate Athlete’s Foot while discoloration of the toenails can signal a growing nail fungus. This is especially vital for diabetics, as this population is especially prone to foot problems.
  3. Buy Your Own Foot Gear: Whether you’re skiing or snowboarding this winter, resist the urge to share foot gear. Many people are carriers of fungus and bacteria without being aware of it. Invest in your own pair and check your feet after each adventure.
  4. Prepare for Public Areas: When showering in public areas, bring shower shoes. This includes places like indoor pools, spas, and the gym. These floors are host to a litany of fungi and bacteria and can be an infection waiting to happen.
  5. Don’t Postpone Needed Doctor Appointments: A crucial aspect of continued foot health is knowing when it’s time to request an appointment with NJ Foot and Ankle specialists. Call us at the first sign of an infection, sore, or unexplained growth to prevent a more serious medical problem down the road.


Incorporating these simple suggestions into your daily routine can ward off a host of foot problems this winter. If a problem has already reared its ugly head, call an expert at NJ Foot and Ankle today.

Twenty-six joints make up the foot and ankle, making this one of the most interesting structures in the entire body--and also, one of the most vulnerable. Injuries and pain in the foot and joint area can be debilitating, even immobilizing. Our experts are here to help you find your footing, and identify a course of treatment that will allow you to hit the ground running.